Within a sentence, and whenever there is an action, there is a verb. Precisely the verb is the word that indicates an action, which can be in the present (something that happens now), in the past (something that has already happened) or in the future (something that will happen). But verbs are more
Within a sentence, and whenever there is an action, there is a verb. Precisely the verb is the word that indicates an action, which can be in the present (something that happens now), in the past (something that has already happened) or in the future (something that will happen).
But verbs are more complex than we think. They can be regular, irregular ... how to explain this to children?
Explain what are regular verbs and irregular verbs to children
- Regular verbs are those that conserve the root and take the endings of their conjugation: 'Elena sings very well'.
- Irregular verbs are the ones that when conjugated vary the root or the completions proper to the conjugation: 'I drove a new car, you drove an old one' or 'I fit in the box, you fit in the closet'.
- Simple forms are formed by a single word: 'ate, played, run, etc'. The compound forms are formed by two words, one from the auxiliary verb and one from the conjugated verb: 'Today we played the ball' or 'She had left when they arrived at her house'.
- The auxiliary verbs are those that explain the action performed by the main verb and are three: be, be and be.
How to explain the impersonal forms of the verb to children
The impersonal forms of the verb are infinitive, gerund and participle.
- Infinitive: is the way in which the verbs are identified, it only calls the action. They end up in ar, er, go and they lack a person. For example: Sing, dance, run, live, eat, etc.
- Gerund: expresses the action as if it were being performed, and is formed with the root + ifo is a verb of the first conjugation, and root + if it is of the second or third conjugation and root + going. For example: 'I'm talking to Paula', 'they're eating in a restaurant', 'we're leaving home', 'Jorge was listening to the music'.
- Participle: expresses the action when it has concluded and is formed with the root + ado if the verb is from the first conjugation, and root + gone, if the verb ends in er or go, that is, from the second or third conjugation. Examples: 'He has arrived at the scheduled time', 'I have eaten a lot of fruit', 'we have left home early'.
The different voices of the verb are:
- Active voice: is when the subject performs the action ('Jaime played the ball').
- Passive voice: is when the subject receives the action of the verb ('The ball was dropped by Jaime').