Multiple intelligences in children, what are they?
When it comes to educating children, they are not equal to each other; each one develops at their own pace and in a different way. For example, while some are good at sports, others are better at all those activities that have to do with the artistic. The differences that occur between children are
When it comes to educating children, they are not equal to each other; each one develops at their own pace and in a different way. For example, while some are good at sports, others are better at all those activities that have to do with the artistic.
The differences that occur between children are related to the so-called theory of "multiple intelligences". This theory is proposed and developed by Howard Gardner ensuring that there is more than one way to learn.
Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences in children
Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences in children proposes that the activities that are presented in class respect the capacities of each child. That is to say, in education each child evolves with his own needs, therefore they can not be taught in the same way.We must take into account the different intelligences to configure their education, since the abilities of children are not part of a single skill called intelligence, but these capabilities depend on many intelligences that work in parallel and are often ignored. In this way,
Howard Gardner rejects the idea that there is only one intelligence capable of being measured by examinations . Someone who gets a low score on a test of these could be a genius misunderstood in other areas.The different multiple intelligences in children
Each of the multiple intelligences in children that Gardner speaks of is located in an area of the brain. This explains why each child is given some subjects better than others or has preference for some of them.
According to Gardner, seven intelligences were first configured, then they evolved to eight and today we can speak of eight intelligences and a half. All of them distinct and semi-independent. These are:
- Logical - mathematical:
Their ability to solve problems is very striking and is often related to a type of nonverbal intelligence, that is, one can know the answer to a particular problem long before they have verbalized it. This type of child is well-liked and has a preference for activities such as: solving mysteries or ingenuity tests, doing puzzles, performing logic exercises, counting or calculating, organizing information in tables, fixing computer questions, playing strategy games , make estimates, memorize numbers and statistics. - Linguistics:
This type of intelligence defines those people who are skilled and have preferences for activities such as reading, chatting, telling jokes, writing stories, making diaries, writing poems, learning languages and playing word games. - Viso-spatial:
This type of intelligence refers to the ability to solve spatial problems. They are people with skills such as: drawing, painting, scribbling, reading maps, contemplating paintings or paintings, solving mazes, playing construction games. - Musical
. They are children with innate ability to learn different sounds, which evolve in a great capacity to sing and hum, listen to music, play instruments, compose songs, attend concerts, follow or set rhythms.- Kinesthetic-corporal:
It is also innate only that some are able to develop it more in depth. They are those who are good at: dancing, acting, imitating gestures or expressions, playing sports, running, moving, jumping, etc. - Intrapersonal:
They are those who work autonomously, establish goals and how to achieve them, they know themselves better, understand their feelings, know their strengths and weaknesses. - Interpersonal
: Contrary to the one dealt with previously, the intrapersonal one. Those who are good at: talking, working as a team, helping others, mediating conflicts, meeting new people.- Naturalist:
They are those who are good at it; go out to the countryside, go camping, go hiking, take care of animals, learn about nature, recycle, take care of the environment. - Existential:
It is raised as average because it is beginning to investigate now and there is insufficient evidence to show that it meets all the conditions to be considered one more. Are those people who think about transcendental issues, know other religions and beliefs or ask questions about the universe.