The adjective is the word that accompanies the noun to complement it and express one of its qualities according to gender and number, that is, the words that tell us what a person, animal or thing. In Guiainfantil we explain what types of adjectives there are and how children can understand them thr
The adjective is the word that accompanies the noun to complement it and express one of its qualities according to gender and number, that is, the words that tell us what a person, animal or thing.
In Guiainfantil we explain what types of adjectives there are and how children can understand them through the game. A didactic and fun way to learn while playing.
How to make the adjectives understand the children?
For children to understand it, we can explain that if the word describes the noun, it is an adjective, and if it does not, it is not. If we say for example: The child is tall, the pig is fat, the ham is rich, the girl is ready, the dress is blue, etc. the words high, fat, rich, list, blue, describe a quality of each noun, therefore all are adjectives.
But if we say for example: The child is a book, the pig is hair, the ham is rabbit, etc. it does not make sense, therefore, the words book, hair and rabbit are not adjectives because they do not describe the child, the pig, or the ham.
What types of adjectives are there?
Adjectives are classified according to the information they give us about nouns.
1. Qualifying adjectives: Simply point out a quality of the noun. For example: The rabbit is small. They can be specific and explanatory.
2. Determinative adjectives: are the numeral adjectives and determine a numerical quantity in the name. They can be: cardinal, ordinal, multiples, partitive, distributive, demonstrative, possessive, indefinite and gentile.
Learn how we are with the adjectives
For the game we will need: white adhesive cards to make the cards, red and green colored markers and scissors.
With this game the children will end up understanding that the adjective serves to explain a quality of people, animals or things, that is, tells us how they are (in our case, peers). It can also be done by looking for adjectives to describe themselves, their pets, their houses, their drawings, etc.
- We will make some adhesive cards where we will write, with a green marker, the adjectives we can think of together, to describe people physically, making it clear that we should not enter physical signs that could hurt anyone's sensibility. We will explain that nobody likes to be told that he has a protruding ears or is fat, for example. The teacher or adult who supervises the game can begin by proposing some of the adjectives: GUAPÍSIMO (A), RUBIO (A), MORENO (A), HIGH (A), BLUE eyes, SMALL mouth, RESPINGONA nose, LONG fingers, etc. .
- And another group of cards where we will write, in the same way, adjectives that describe the way of being of people. For example: SWEET, INTELLIGENT, GOOD (A), HAPPY, WORKER (A), SIMPÁTICO (A), GRACIOUS (A), COLLABORATOR (A) etc.
- All the adjectives will be pasted on the side of the blackboard, cork, or the place assigned to this task with uppercase letters.
- Each child should write on his or her blank card, with a green marker, the adjectives that describe a classmate. You can start, either in alphabetical order, by your situation in the classroom, making a run, or any other way that is decided, but all children must participate.
- We will ask the children to choose from the blackboard two adjectives, as we have said, always in a positive attitude and to describe their classmates better. First an adjective of the physical signs and then another that describes their way of being, (always agreeing on the genre), and write them on their blank cards.
- Each child will place their card in the desk, (or the hanger where they hang the coat) of the companion that has touched him, in such a way, that when finishing each child will have two adjectives in the chosen place, one that describes how he is physically and another one that describes and motivates him emotionally to continue along that line. For example:
On the children's hanger or desk, the following adjectives may appear:
Surely it will be the case that several children agree in the description, in that case, at the end of the round, we will explain, that the adjective always agrees in gender and number, and therefore, if Mario and Nicolás, for example, are dark, the adjective will go in the plural.
Mario and Nicolas are dark Carlota and Sonia are blonde
- Then we can ask them to choose among all, adjectives to describe behaviors they do not like about some children, sin but without naming anyone. For example: unfriendly, quarrelsome, liar, crybaby, squeaky, sneak, etc. These cards will be exposed to the other side of the blackboard, corkboard, or wall so that everyone can see it, but written in red and lowercase. If, as the days go by, the teacher observes that, for example, the children who usually scream, improve their behavior, will remove the adjective "chillón" from the lane and so on.
With these exercises, besides learning what the adjectives are for, they will learn to value themselves more, to increase their self-esteem, and to value the qualities of their classmates. They will also clearly see the behaviors that everyone rejects, which will surely make some children (if it is their case), are encouraged to change their behavior.