After 5 or 6 months the child has developed both the motor ability to ingest new foods of different consistency as well as food self-control. There are periods in the life of the baby and the child in which the acquisition of new motor functions are performed more easily, so it is important to encou
After 5 or 6 months the child has developed both the motor ability to ingest new foods of different consistency as well as food self-control.
There are periods in the life of the baby and the child in which the acquisition of new motor functions are performed more easily, so it is important to encourage them to expand the child's diet to different textures, this is happening according to the evolutive psychomotor development of the child.
Development of the child's nutritional capacity
We have to take into account that the capacities to incorporate new foods imply oral skills, fine motor skills and postural abilities.
From 5 to 7 months: learn to take semi-solid foods with a spoon, they can chew and move the food inside the mouth.
At 8 months: can remove the food from the spoon, bringing the head closer. They can sit without support.
At 9 months: they manage to grab the spoon.
At 10 months: they acquire a more precise mechanism of tweezers, which allows them to take food with a consistency of pieces.
Foods with more risk of choking in childhood
- Nuts (almonds, walnuts, cashews, peanuts)
- Dried fruits (raisins)
- Small fruits (grapes, cherries).
- Legumes (peas, maybe some more example).
- Sausages cut into circles.
- Sticky textures (nutella, dulce de leche).
- Candies (chewing gum, hard or sticky candy).
- When a fruit with bone like plum or peach is given, remove the bone previously before giving the child the food.
- Be careful with citrus fruits such as tangerine and orange, it can sometimes happen that if the skin is very hard, the child can drown.
How to prevent children from choking on food
- It is very important todelay the child's motor-food development por, that is why you should start with consistencies such as porridges, then leaving small pieces and gradually increase as tolerated. Es - It is recommended to the extent that the child grows not only give porridges for fear of choking, since the child will then cost much more to incorporate foods with other consistencies (in pieces).-
Prevent the child from laughing or talking when he eats.
- Accompany the meals with liquids to make it easier to swallow. - Care specifically for the foods that we will give the child until three or four years, since it is when there is a greater risk of choking.
- Prevent the child from eating very hard, sticky foods, and of a small round size (example size: plum bone).