The diet of the pregnant woman must contain nutrients, essential for the good evolution of pregnancy. There are five groups of nutrients: proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals and fats that must be present in different proportions in the nutritional pyramid in pregnancy. A balanced and healthy
The diet of the pregnant woman must contain nutrients, essential for the good evolution of pregnancy. There are five groups of nutrients: proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals and fats that must be present in different proportions in the nutritional pyramid in pregnancy.
A balanced and healthy dietin pregnancy should contain the necessary contribution of nutrients recommended by the nutritional pyramid. It will be beneficial both for you to have enough energy and for the perfect development of the baby inside the uterus.
How to distribute nutrients in the diet during pregnancy
-Carbohydrates: han carbohydrates should be found at the base of the nutritional pyramid of the pregnant woman. Potatoes, bread, cereals, rice or pasta has to constitute half of the food you have to consume per day. -
Vegetables:the next step of the nutritional pyramid in pregnancy is occupied by vegetables since they are an excellent source of vitamins and minerals. It is convenient that you take about 4 servings a day (a portion would be equivalent to a cup of green leafy vegetables)- Fruits:
the same importance in your daily diet has to give fruits. Ideally, take between 2 and 4 pieces of fruit a day. You can eat them whole or prepare a variety of fruit juice. They will give you the essential vitamins the baby needs to develop.-
Proteins: you can get them from dairy, eggs, meat, chicken or nuts. It is advisable to eat a liter of milk a day. You can vary by taking yoghurts or cheeses. They are basic to obtain proteins, calcium and phosphorus. Also, try to introduce lean meats or chicken meat every day, always well cooked.-
Fats: they are also necessary, although you must reduce their consumption as much as they are at the top of the nutritional pyramid in pregnancy. The most beneficial are those found in the omega3 acids found in blue fish and olive oil.Vitamin supplements during pregnancy
Monitoring the nutritional pyramid during pregnancy guarantees optimal nutrition. However, it is possible that to ensure the necessary supply of vitamins and minerals, the gynecologist will prescribe a
multivitamin that you should take throughout the pregnancy. Also, from the beginning of pregnancy you will be prescribed a folic acid supplement if you did not take it before pregnancy. The intake of this supplement prevents the fetus from developing defects in the neural tube .In many cases,
pregnant women suffer from anemia, so they will also prescribe an iron supplement to avoid this deficiency. It is recommended that you take it with juices rich in vitamin C to make it easier to absorb and help you to combat the constipation that this mineral can cause.