Dictionary of definitions of pregnancy with the letter P
Knowing the different words or terms that are used throughout pregnancy and their meaning will help you to live this stage of your life in a confident and safe way. Therefore, since Guiainfantil.com we have developed a practical dictionary for pregnant women. Here you will find all the words related
Knowing the different words or terms that are used throughout pregnancy and their meaning will help you to live this stage of your life in a confident and safe way. Therefore, since Guiainfantil.com we have developed a practical dictionary for pregnant women.
Here you will find all the words related to pregnancy that begin with the letter P so you can know its meaning and learn more about what is happening to you.
Letter P. Dictionary for pregnant women
I give birth at home
Some women choose to give birth to their baby at home. For this, they are accompanied by a doula, a midwife or a gynecologist who accompany them to ensure that the process happens without problems. Home births are only indicated when there is no risk to the mother or the baby.
It is about artificially triggering labor. The specialists must be the only ones in charge to induce the childbirth and it is realized when there is some type of risk for the mother or the baby. To do this, it is administered intravenously to pregnant mom oxytocin to cause contractions that start labor.
It is a process that starts after pregnancy and ends with the birth of a baby. Childbirth has a series of stages: dilation, expulsive and delivery. Labor lasts an average of between 8 and 12 hours, although first-time mothers usually have a longer delivery. Labor begins when the contractions cause the cervical erasure.
It is the birth of more than one baby. The type of delivery will depend on the position of the babies inside the uterus or whether there is a risk for the mother or the babies. The births of two or more babies are usually performed in a high percentage by cesarean section. However, if the delivery is vaginal, the expulsive is usually easier for the mother since the babies are smaller.
When the delivery is considered risky or the baby has difficulties to be born, the specialists choose because the delivery instead of being natural is by means of cesarean section. For this, epidural anesthesia is administered to the woman and, with the help of instruments and a small cut in the pubic area to cross the abdomen and uterus, the specialist helps the baby at birth.
The natural thing is that the baby adopts a cephalic position at birth so that the head comes out first, however in some cases the buttocks and feet are those that appear in the birth canal. This position occurs especially when the umbilical cord is too short or the placenta is in the upper part of the uterus.
It is a birth in which there is no intervention by gynecologists and midwives, nor does medication apply during the process. The function of the specialists is to accompany the pregnant mother during the dilation and expulsive phase to check that everything follows its natural course.
This is the delivery that occurs between week 21 and week 37 of pregnancy and is also known as preterm delivery. In case it occurs before week 21, the viability of the baby is null, so an abortion would occur. It usually occurs due to problems in the mother, preeclampsia, late age, malformations in the fetus or alcohol and drug use.
It is the region of the woman's body that forms the pelvic floor. It has a triangular shape and in front is the vulva and behind the edge of the anus. The area in between is fibrous and is an essential support of the genital organs. To avoid tears during delivery, it is recommended to perform perineal massage prior to the birth of the baby.
It is the organ that supplies oxygen and food during pregnancy. It also facilitates the elimination of waste that produces the baby. The placenta is lodged in the internal face of the uterus and is composed of fetal and maternal cells. It begins to form from the second week of gestation and will have to be expelled after the birth of the baby.
Usually the placenta, the organ that connects the mother to the baby so that it receives the oxygen and nutrients necessary for its proper growth, is placed in the upper part of the uterus. However, it is sometimes placed on top of the cervix and causes obstruction of the baby's natural output. It is detected through an ultrasound.
This is the period that begins after delivery and in the woman's body regains its pre-pregnancy situation. During this stage the woman will have to have at least two revisions with the midwife to verify the state of health of the mother and the beginning of breastfeeding in case the woman is breastfeeding.
It is a disease of pregnancy that affects 5 or 8% of women. It usually appears after week 20 of gestation and manifests with high blood pressure, fluid retention and protein in the urine. Preeclampsia can be mild, moderate or severe, depending on the pregnant woman's blood pressure.
It is the most effective and accurate test possible to determine family relationships between people. It is usually done to verify the paternity of a man towards a baby. The report of paternity will indicate whether the man is the biological father or not of the child. It is usually done by collecting a sample of saliva.
When the baby is born, a blood sample is taken from the heel and another week is made. With this test we try to find the possible presence of congenital diseases in the newborn. They are performed during the first days because their early detection is essential to treat them and can cause more serious injuries.
Also known as quarantine, is the period in which, over 40 weeks, the woman's body regains its pre-pregnancy situation. All the organs have to recover and return to their place. During this period vaginal bleeding similar to that of menstruation occurs. It is a period of physical and emotional changes.