ADHD is becoming increasingly important among the population, but sometimes, the information that appears about it is not entirely true and can be confusing or disorienting. The objective of this decalogue that we have elaborated is to break prejudices and demystify opinions, in order to improve the
ADHD is becoming increasingly important among the population, but sometimes, the information that appears about it is not entirely true and can be confusing or disorienting.
The objective of this decalogue that we have elaborated is to break prejudices and demystify opinions, in order to improve the general knowledge that the population has about this disorder: only 4% of individuals respond correctly when asked about what is the ADHD.
10 more unknown aspects about hyperactive children
1. ADHD has a neurological origin
New diagnostic techniques based on brain mapping have allowed us to identify the main areas of the brain affected by the disorder: the pre-frontal cortex, the basal ganglia, parietal cortex and anterior cingulate. El 2. ADHD affects both children and adults
It is estimated that about 7% of the child population in Spain suffers from this disorder and if not treated properly and the symptoms are not improved, adults also suffer from it. In fact, in 50% of cases the symptoms will persist into adulthood.
3. There are differences between boys and girls
To begin with, children are 4 times more likely to have ADHD than girls. In addition, the symptoms are different in each case: while hyperactivity is the predominant symptom in them, lack of attention is the most frequent in them. This makes detection difficult in girls, since the symptom that creates the most problems in the environment is hyperactivity and not inattention. El 4. 20% of school failure is associated with ADHD
Due to the difficulty to memorize and focus attention, approximately 20% of these children have complications in math, reading comprehension and writing. Es 5. It is an infra-diagnosed disorder
ADHD lives in an infra-diagnosis situation, since only 2.5% of children are diagnosed, of the 7% that are estimated to suffer from it. As a result, only 1% of those affected receive treatment. El 6. Attention Deficit Disorder is Chronic
ADHD is a chronic disorder. However, it is possible to improve and reduce the symptoms to the point that they do not limit the day to day of the sufferer. For this, the best way to improve the behavior of these children is to carry out a multidisciplinary treatment, which includes the pharmacological, the psychotherapeutic with the child but especially with families and new techniques such as neurofeedback and neurostimulation.
7. ADHD can appear with associated diseases
Two out of every three children who come to the consultations for Attention Deficit Disorder also suffer from other disorders that are sometimes confused with ADHD, such as Defiant Oppositional / Negative Disorder (TOD), Conduct Disorders (TC) or Tourette Syndrome.
8. There are two children with ADHD in each class
This disorder accounts for 50% of the clinical population of child and youth psychiatry. By affecting so many children of school age, it is estimated that ADHD has between 4 and 7% presence in school, which would be equivalent to 1 or 2 children per classroom.
9. The symptoms of ADHD appear before the age of 7
Predictive behaviors of ADHD usually manifest before the age of 7 and at least have to be present in 2 areas of the child's life, for example, at home and in the home. school. The main symptoms of this disorder are lack of attention, hyperactivity and impulsivity. U 10. A disorder that affects the family nucleus
A child with ADHD at home increases the most frequent conflicts, for example, between siblings: 46% of children with ADHD have a bad relationship with their siblings, a figure that drops to 26% if none suffer from the disorder.