Wheezing and whistling in children with asthma are whistles that form in the bronchi when the air passes. It is usually caused by a viral infection or cold, although it also influences the family history of asthma or the fact that the mother smoked during pregnancy. Wheezing is a frequent reason for
Wheezing and whistling in children with asthmaare whistles that form in the bronchi when the air passes. It is usually caused by a viral infection or cold, although it also influences the family history of asthma or the fact that the mother smoked during pregnancy. Wheezing is a frequent reason for consulting pediatricians during childhood and a common reason for visiting urgencies
, especially in times of allergies due to asthma attacks or in winter time when there are more cases of colds and bronchiolitis. Dr.Olga Cortés, pediatrician of the AEPap Respiratory Tract Group nos, helps us to better understand wheezing when they are related to childhood asthma.
What to do when wheezing and whistling in children with asthmaWheezing can be of various types depending on the age at which they appear:-
Wheezing in the first year of life
, also known as transient early wheezing. They correspond to 40-60 percent of the
wheezing of the infant and is the most frequent group. These childrenare not allergic and in their natural evolution, asthma will tend to disappear around 3 years of age. It has a very good evolution. The prototype of these children corresponds to a young mother, smoker, who goes to day care, who has older siblings, and what will stimulate wheezing are the respiratory symptoms of the highways, that is, viruses. - Wheezing between 12 months and 11 years . They are known as non-atopic persistent wheezing. They are children who start wheezing from 12 to 18 months and usually disappear around 6-11 years. They will also have a good evolution, that is, the child will not have asthma as a major, and they respond to 20 percent of the wheezing of small infants. The prototype is
premature babies or those who wheeze afterbronchiolits.- Wheezing after 13 years. They are atopic sibilants: atopic asthma. That is the most important because it is the one that will persist after
adolescence , after 13 years. Children at risk of belonging to the third group are those with a family history of atopy, asthma in parents, atopy in children, atopic dermatitis ...How to control wheezing due to asthma in childhood There are medidas 5 basic measuresto avoid that triggers an episode of asthma and with it the wheezing and whistles:
1- Have a personalized treatment written for asthma.
2- Take the medicines prescribed by the pediatrician. 3- Know the factors that trigger the child's asthma to avoid them. 4- Recognize the symptoms of asthma.
5- Knowing what to do when faced with an asthma attack.
These measures will allow the child and the family to have
, without symptoms such as coughing when they wake up and when they run, without sleepless nights due to coughing and without needing rescue medication. With this control, the child can make a normal life like any child, do sports or exercise without any limitations.