Pediatric check-ups in the second year of the baby's life
How often do we have to take the baby to the pediatrician for his health check-ups? Each country and even city has its own protocol for visits to the pediatrician. However, it is common to make frequent revisions during the first months of life and to space them as the baby grows. During the first m
How often do we have to take the baby to the pediatrician for his health check-ups? Each country and even city has its own protocol for visits to the pediatrician. However, it is common to make frequent revisions during the first months of life and to space them as the baby grows.
During the first meses months of the baby's life, revisiones the reviews are focused on the prevention of infectious and congenital diseases, as well as an assessment of the baby's growth and development. Analyze the feeding of the baby, its adaptation to the family environment, general care or check the vaccination status. Calendar of pediatric check-ups for babies from 12 to 24 months According to the evolving moment of the baby, only the pediatrician will value the baby, only the nurse or both doctors.
Review of the 12 months:
- The administration of vitamins is suspended and walks are recommended to obtain vitamin D from the sun.
- Introduction of new foods progressively: cooked egg white, ham, crushed legumes (lentils and chickpeas). Solid foods can be introduced to complete the dinner (meat, fish, croquettes, pasta, etc). Do not supplement meals with salt or sugar. Stimulate chewing. Start the administration of the chopped food.
- Complete physical examination with special attention to psychomotor development (he stands alone, walks with support, says three words with meaning, points to the index), sight and hearing, genitals, percentiles and dentition. Res - Regarding vaccines, it will be verified that Rubella, Parotiditis, Measles and Meningococcus C have been administered at this age.
for 15 months.
- In children allergic to eggs, they will be vaccinated with Moruviraten® (measles and rubella vaccine). Other vaccines that are not included in the calendar may be reported: heptavalent conjugate vaccine against pneumococcus and varicella vaccine.- General physical examination with assessment of psychomotor development (walks alone, scribbles, says 3-6 words, imitates adults, obeys orders).- Feeding tips: performs a progressive incorporation of food, according to tolerance and dentition, achieving a varied diet: milk (at least 500 ml daily); cereals, vegetables and fruits daily; potatoes, rice or pasta daily; meat or white fish daily; eggs, no more than 2 or 3 per week; olive oil daily; crushed vegetables frequently. Avoid viscera and visible fat from meat or fish. Encourage the incorporation of the child to the family table, stimulating healthy habits through imitation.
- Recommendations regarding footwear: use flexible shoes, lightweight, breathable, with moderate friction soles and very flexible. The toe should be wide and reinforced and the buttress of the heel should be strong to prevent the heel from deviating outwards.
the 18 months:
- Administer the vaccines corresponding to your age: diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis, Haemophilus Influenzae b and inactivated polio.
- General physical exploration and assessment of psychomotor development: climb stairs of the hand, pass pages two or three at a time, say "no", point to 2-3 parts of your body, say 10-15 words, handle the spoon ... Alarm signs: absence of ambulation.- Feeding tips: your diet can be as varied as that of an adult, through a progressive incorporation of food, according to tolerance and dentition. The varied diet is achieved following the same indications as at 15 months. In addition, blue fish can be introduced.
the 2 years:
- General physical examination with special attention to cardiovascular health: prevention of obesity, family history of a history of early ischemic heart disease and hyperlipidemia screening.
- Oral health: prevention of dental trauma and primary prevention of malocclusions (removing the pacifier). Feeding tips: prevention of obesity through a varied diet, avoid sweets and knickknacks and maintain a milk intake of 500 ml daily.-
Assessment of psychomotor development: run with ease, pass pages one at a time, use 2-3 word phrases with a verb, know 4 parts of your body. Alarm signs: no development of the symbolic game and verbal stereotypes.