What is albinism. Albinos are blond children, very blond. So blond that her hair looks white or gray . His skin is pale and his eyes blue. Eyebrows and eyelashes are also white. They are children with an extreme sensitivity to light, and with many problems in the eyes. But, why is albinism produced?
What is albinism. Albinos are blond children, very blond. So blond that her hair looks white or gray. His skin is pale and his eyes blue. Eyebrows and eyelashes are also white. They are children with an extreme sensitivity to light, and with many problems in the eyes. But, why is albinism produced? Why there are albino childrenAlbinism is nothing but the lack of pigmentation in the skin, eyes and hair. The problem with these children is that their body does not produce enough melanin. It is a congenital condition. They are born with it. And the worst of all is that it has no cure, although it is not a degenerative disease. It affects people of all races, all countries and all social strata.
may have dark parents, dark eyes and black hair. But it is precisely his parents who carried the albinism gene. If both parents have the gene for albinism but are not albino, their children will have a 25 percent chance of being born albinos. An amniocentesis can detect if the fetus is going to develop it at birth. However, albinism
occurs in very few cases (it is estimated that 1 in 20,000 people). For a child to be born albino his parents must have that gene and transmit it to him. Characteristics and problems of albino children Children
have very clear skin. The almost white hair and eyes are usually blue or violet (although there are cases of albino children with red and brown eyes). Its main problem lies in the skin and eyes. Albinism causes vision problems (it is associated with low vision). Over time it can causeblindness
. This is because they also have an abnormal development of the retina and problems of connection of the optic nerve. Precisely the ophthalmologist is the one who in many cases diagnoses albinism when in doubt. The childrenalbinos
are also extremely sensitive to light and have to protect the skin in an exceptional way. They can not sunbathe without protection in any case. They should avoid sunlight through clothing and a suitable protective cream. Types of albino children In many cases albinism is something that is obvious. Hair, eyes, skin, everything draws our attention. However there are other children who are albino and do not know it, because their hair is brown or the skin is not alarmingly pale. These are the types of albinism that exist:
1- Alculation oculacutaneo
: affects skin, hair and eyes. Within this type of albinism there are two subcategories.
a)In the most severe of cases, there is no melanin. The hair is white, the skin pink, the eyes blue or violet. They do not have moles or freckles. They suffer from serious vision problems.
b) In these cases there is a minimal synthesis of melanin. Children may have darker hair and eyes and the presence of moles.
2-Partial albinism (ocular or skin or hair):
affects only the eyes, skin or hair. They may have a simple white lock on their hair, or pigmentation problems on their skin. Or only present severe vision problems characteristic of albinism.