28 Weeks of pregnancy

Pregnancy semana week by week arrives at week 28 of gestation . This week highlights the importance of blood compatability between mother and child. When the mother is Rh negative it is necessary to vaccinate with a gamma globulin that prevents you from creating blood antibodies that could harm your

Pregnancy semana week by week arrives at week 28 of gestation . This week highlights the importance of blood compatability between mother and child. When the mother is Rh negative it is necessary to vaccinate with a gamma globulin that prevents you from creating blood antibodies that could harm your developing baby.The movement of the baby inside you will be more evident when you are sitting quietly or in bed about to fall asleep. Babies seem to take advantage of periods of activity of the mother to sleep and moments of tranquility to move. Take advantage of these moments of relaxation to talk and put music, as there are studies that show that fetuses are able to identify the voice of their mother and the music they have heard during their development in the womb.

Changes in the body of the pregnant woman

The nocturnal insomnia can begin to appear in week twenty-eight of the pregnancy due to the fetal movements and to the necessity to go to the bathroom regularly during the night. Try to sleep on your side, preferably on the left side and when you wake up, avoid starting to think because keeping your mind occupied will reveal you. To get to sleep, remember the handy glass of hot milk and the infusions of lime or lemon balm.

As pregnancy progresses, the growth of the uterus tends to displace the stomach and intestine, favoring the passage of gastric juices from the stomach to the esophagus. Thus appear the burning and acidity that are manifested with an unpleasant burning sensation in the esophagus.

To relieve heartburn and acidity make 5 little meals a day, so that digestions are light, take the necessary time, sit down and chew food well, avoid taking fat, spices and spicy foods, cook boiled, steamed foods or roasts. And if the discomfort persists consult with your doctor, since there are some antacid drugs that can be taken during pregnancy.

Development and growth of the baby in pregnancy

In week 28 of pregnancy, the weight of your child is approximately 1,100 or 1,200 grams and the total length is about 35-37 cm. Your central nervous system continues to develop and the brain's weight also increases. Sleep and activity patterns are established, which indicate the development of your brain activity. Acquires control of body temperature and its mature thermoregulation system. With respect to the organs of the senses, the eye is already fully developed and in the ear, the membrane of the eardrum increases in size.

In the respiratory system increases the production of surfactant. Gaseous exchange is already possible. If the baby is a child, the testicles descend to the scrotum through the inguinal canal, and the latter closes. It begins to have fat under the skin, which gives it a rounded and plump appearance.

Up to now, the production of red blood cells was carried out by the spleen. As of week 28, this function is assumed by the bone marrow. At the level of the digestive system, the stomach and intestine progressively develop more activities. The baby can have hiccups.

The kidney, bronchopulmonary secretions, skin and digestive secretions of the baby contribute to the formation of amniotic fluid that isolates the baby from the outside and protects it from possible blows, provides a constant temperature and serves as a movement vehicle, essential for the development of the musculature. An adequate volume of amniotic fluid is essential for the correct development and fetal growth.

Health and emotions during pregnancy

In the 28th week of pregnancy, you should be vaccinated against anti-D gammaglobulin in case you are Rh negative. This vaccine prevents the creation of antibodies in the maternal blood.

Also, if you are Rh negative, you should determine the Rh of your child after delivery through a sample of umbilical cord blood. If your baby is Rh positive, they should get an anti-D gammaglobulin vaccine again within the first 48 hours of delivery to prevent isoimmunizations in later pregnancies.

This same vaccine should be given to all Rh negative mothers after performing invasive diagnostic tests such as corial biopsy, amniocentesis, funiculocentesis or fetoscopies. Also after a curettage for an abortion. The injection is intramuscular.

Diet and feeding for the pregnant woman

The growth of your baby inside requires a lot of energy that you must supply through the placenta. For this reason, carbohydrates should be the basis of your diet, as they provide immediate energy. They are found in pasta, rice, whole grains, legumes, potatoes and fruits ... However, your diet should be varied and include the three groups of nutrients: carbohydrates, proteins and fats. Also, you must provide the necessary minerals and vitamins.

And also, do not forget to include yogurt in your diet, as it is a great source of calcium and is usually better tolerated than milk thanks to fermentation. In yogurt, the bacteria lactobacillus bulgaricus and streptococcus thermophilus remain alive and so, yogurt protects and regulates the intestinal flora. The transformation of lactose (milk sugar) into lactic acid gives yogurt its characteristic texture and flavor.

Curiosities of the 28th week of pregnancy

You will be about to start with your partner the

Maternal Education course , which previously was also known as the Preparation course for childbirth. The objectives are to provide adequate information on the changes inherent to pregnancy, the development of childbirth and the characteristics of the puerperium, answer doubts and mitigate the fear of facing motherhood / paternity, encourage the acquisition of healthy lifestyle habits, inform about general care of the newborn (breastfeeding, grooming, sleep ...).Participation as a couple in these courses is beneficial because it makes the pregnant woman feel supported, and the couple's relationship is strengthened and the involvement of both in the process helps them to build their new identity as a father or mother. In addition, they acquire knowledge about the changes of pregnancy, the phases of childbirth or the care of the newborn can provide security and confidence, and can share their fears and concerns with other parents.