The first trimester of pregnancy is over, you are entering the second trimester, specifically in week 13 of pregnancy, which is for the majority of pregnant women the best stage of pregnancy. The initial discomfort has passed and you feel more energized. Your belly will be evident in the second trim
The first trimester of pregnancy is over, you are entering the second trimester, specifically in week 13 of pregnancy, which is for the majority of pregnant women the best stage of pregnancy. The initial discomfort has passed and you feel more energized. Your belly will be evident in the second trimester of pregnancy, but it will not be big enough yet to make you feel very uncomfortable.
Changes in the body of the pregnant woman
In pregnancy, a series of changes occur for the woman and some may affect your oral health:
- increased blood flow could cause bleeding of the gums
- if you suffer nausea and vomiting can damage your tooth enamel and cause bad breath
- you will notice that you produce more saliva and this favors the appearance of cavities
It is advisable to go to the dentist at the beginning of pregnancy and also to follow a routine with your teeth: brush them afterwards of each meal, make rinses with oral antiseptic and take the supplements prescribed by the doctor.
You already notice that you have gained weight and your gut has grown, you are losing your waist and with your usual clothes you are uncomfortable. If you still do not see yourself wearing pregnant clothes, you can wear baggy clothes that do not tighten much in the abdomen.
Some pregnant women notice a feeling of heartburn and a feeling of heartburn during the 13th week of pregnancy. Food and gastric juices reflux into the esophagus producing a burning sensation.
Development and growth of the baby in pregnancy
Your baby is 11 weeks old, measures between 6.5 and 8 centimeters and, at the end of the 13th week of pregnancy, will weigh around 21 grams. His face looks more and more like a human baby, his eyes, before they are very far apart, approach their final position. It already has eyelids although for the moment they are closed and the ears are already in place.
Their main organs are formed and increase in size as the days go by. The abdominal wall has closed and its umbilicus has developed, where the umbilical cord passes. Through the placenta receives oxygen and nutrients. Your baby's skin is still very finite.
The external genitalia are already formed and are visible however we would have to wait for the baby to be a little larger so that they can be distinguished through an ultrasound, but there is not much left for you to know if your baby is a boy or girl.
Health and emotions during pregnancy
Throughout pregnancy you should avoid exposure to certain chemicals as they could affect the development of the baby. You have to avoid the radiation zones, if you have to do any type of radiography, tell the doctor that you are in the thirteenth week of gestation. Do not expose yourself to insecticides or gardening products.
If you want to prepare the baby's room, paint it and decorate it yourself, you should know that a long exposure to the paintings can be very toxic, reduce the exposure time and monitor the type of paint you use.
If you look at almost all of the medication leaflets there is a contraindication for the pregnant woman, ask your doctor what you can take in case of colds, flu or discomfort and never self-medicate.
When you give the news of your pregnancy, friends and family tend to tell you their own experiences and give you advice, in some cases erroneous and contribute to generate doubts and anxiety where there was not, and that is, the emotions of the pregnant are very present in the pregnancy. Each pregnancy is different and also the way to live it, do not take the advice of others as guidelines to follow in your pregnancy. Always consult your midwife or gynecologist.
Diet and diet for the pregnant
A healthy diet is essential for the good evolution of pregnancy, it is as dangerous for the development of the baby an excessive weight gain as low weight. We give you some ideas so that your diet can be complete and balanced:
- Carbohydrates will give you energy and must be the basis of your diet (55% of your diet). You will find them in rice, pasta, cereals or bread. Ev - Avoid taking an excess of fat but do not eliminate them completely from your diet since they constitute a reserve of energy (30% of your diet). Fats are present in red meats, some fish, dairy or oil.
- Proteins are basic for the construction of tissues (15% of your diet). They have proteins, red meats, fish, legumes, eggs or nuts.
- As for micronutrients, you should take: vitamins present in fruits and minerals such as iodine, iron, phosphorus and calcium.
It is important from now on in week 13 of pregnancy that you look at the
food information of the products that you eat to avoid excessively caloric or sugary foods.You should make
5 meals a day : breakfast, mid-morning, lunch, snack and dinner.Curiosities in week 13 of pregnancy
Exercise is very beneficial for pregnant women. If you did not do any kind of sport before your pregnancy, you should start now because it will help both strengthen your muscles to support the extra weight, and to recover your figure after pregnancy. The risk sports are contraindicated but you can always practice: swimming, yoga, pilates, walking or special gymnastics for pregnant women.
Currently, most of the future mothers continue to perform the same activities during their pregnancy: work, housework, caring for other children, if any, etc. It is good that throughout your pregnancy and from now on, in the thirteenth week of gestation, you receive help and that you do not carry the burden of all the work at home. Try
to share your chores with your partner tareas so you can be more calm and rested.