Dyslexia and dysgraphia are the learning disorders (AT) that most children suffer. In Spain they are present in 1 child per classroom. These TAs may be behind the difficulties many children have at school, as they directly affect their ability to read and write. We explain what dyslexia is, what dys
Dyslexia and dysgraphia are the learning disorders (AT) that most children suffer. In Spain they are present in 1 child per classroom. These TAs may be behind the difficulties many children have at school, as they directly affect their ability to read and write.
We explain what dyslexia is, what dysgraphia is and how it affects children's learning.
How dyslexia and dysgraphia affect children's learning
- Dyslexia:causes the child to have difficulties to learn words and build sentences. This means that their reading and writing level is not the same as that of their classmates, but parents should not be alerted if the child is under 8 years old. Until that age they are still in a period of learning to read and write, so it is not easy to diagnose dyslexia.
- Dysgraphy, causes the child to have difficulties to structure a text when he is going to write. This disorder affects the psychomotor and coordination capacity. For example, taking the pencil wrong, writing very large letters or writing slowly, are the most visible effects of your difficulty in coordinating your movements.
3 questions to detect dysgraphia and dyslexia in children
Children suffering from dyslexia or dyslexia usually have poor school performance, especially in math and language subjects. As an online psychologist, I recommend that parents look at the following aspects to detect the presence of a possible AT:
1. Does your child have difficulty understanding a text and has difficulty understanding what he or she has read? It is very common for children with dyslexia to change some letters for others or have problems memorizing and structuring sentences.
2. Do you notice that sometimes, when you speak, you add letters at the end of the words? Do you confuse T-shirt with catiste, fish tank with petera or car with toche? These children may have difficulty relating the letters to their sounds.
3. When you write, do you have trouble correctly separating all the words in a sentence? For example, these children, instead of writing 'my friend's mother' would write 'my own love to me'. This is because dysgraphia makes it difficult for you to identify all the words in a sentence and separate them well when you write.
All these problems not only represent an obstacle in the subject of language, it also makes it difficult to carry out exercises and exams in other subjects. For example, in science, they have to invest more effort than usual to understand the utterance or, in mathematics, they have trouble writing the answer of a sum correctly even when they know the result. There are even times when these children solve a problem well but do not respond to what they are asked. This is because when reading, they skipped a sentence of the statement unintentionally.
If symptoms of dysgraphia and dyslexia in your children are recognized in the child, you should go to a specialized center if you did not see improvement after 8 years, which is when the learning process ends.