For the pregnancy to develop normally, it is essential that the mother is aware that there are harmful habits tanto, both for her and for the baby. Smoking, drinking or ingesting some type of drug can be harmful for your future baby, since you are substances that cross the placenta. We tell you why
For the pregnancy to develop normally, it is essential that the mother is aware that there are harmful habits tanto, both for her and for the baby. Smoking, drinking or ingesting some type of drug can be harmful for your future baby, since you are substances that cross the placenta.We tell you why you should stop smoking or drinking alcohol during pregnancy and how these habits (unhealthy) affect the baby.
Why smoking is harmful during pregnancy
Tobacco consumption is a major health problem
, since it is more than demonstrated the association of its consumption with the appearance of many of the most prevalent diseases in our environment as a certain type of cancers, respiratory diseases ... etc.-
Babies with low birth weight: In addition to these relationships, there are many publications that associate the consumption of tobacco in pregnancy and adverse effects in pregnancy. Among the most documented is the higher incidence of low birth weight at birth of babies of smoking mothers. Likewise, there are no significant differences between the weights of the babies of non-smoking mothers, and those of smokers who abandoned the habit during the first 4 months of pregnancy. - Problems with the placenta:
There also seems to be a certain relationship between smoking and the occurrence of placenta previa. An increased risk of some of the complications of labor, such as placental abruption, has also been described. - Other risks associated with tobacco:
There seems to be a relationship between the consumption of tobacco in pregnancy with a greater possibility of suffering spontaneous abortion and premature rupture of membranes and premature delivery. Others less known but of great importance are the association of syndrome of sudden infant death and tobacco, being the latter consumption, both prenatally and postnatally, a risk factor for its appearance. Why you should not drink coffee during pregnancyTake caffeine in amounts greater than 300 mg - the equivalent of on average,
two cups of coffee per day
- can also be harmful to health. It can also harm the course of pregnancy. Its high consumption has been related to problems in fertility, increased risk of miscarriage, low birth weight babies and premature births. It has not been estimated from what amount we put the baby at risk so the general recommendation is that the less quantity, the better. It is important to emphasize thatcaffeine is not only present in coffee
but in other large amounts of foods such as some soft drinks and energy drinks, so it is important to consult the ingredients of them. Why it is harmful to drink alcohol in pregnancy Alcohol
is considered to be one of the most dangerous substances of abuse for the baby la, which goes through the placental barrier without problems. Drinking alcohol can be very harmful to him, having consequences that can manifest at the time of birth or in later development.
- Problems for the pregnant woman:It is related to problems in fertility and menstrual disorders, risk of miscarriage and premature delivery.
- Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: In all periods of pregnancy is harmful, but especially highlights the first trimester, which is what can produce more abnormalities. There is a syndrome specifically related to high alcohol consumption, called
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome , which is characterized by a series of facial, cardiac and other viscera malformations as well as with psychomotor retardation. In the great majority of cases, the syndrome does not appear complete but there are alterations and isolated malformations, which are called 'disorders related to fetal alcohol syndrome'. - Problems for the baby:Alcohol consumption during pregnancy is the first non-genetic cause of mental retardation. It also produces a higher incidence of epileptic symptoms, attention deficit with / without hyperactivity, autism and generalized developmental disorder, and various types of learning disorders. In adolescence they can develop various types of personality disorders and drug addictions.